Benchmarking P&C risk margins under Solvency II

Since the advent of Solvency II, insurers are faced with a number of challenges that can have a potential impact on determining the economic value of their liabilities. These challenges start with an insurer’s modeled uncertainty with respect to the timing and amount of future cash flows, which sets the stage for nearly every other element of the risk margin. Milliman actuary Mark Shapland offers some perspective in this paper.